SonTusDatos envía carta al Congreso de Brasil

Congreso Nacional de Brasil

Las organizaciones que suscriben la carta manifiestan su apoyo al Proyecto de Ley 5276/2016 para reglamentar la protección de datos personales en Brasil. Este proyecto de ley es el resultado de una extensa discusión y compromiso social, derivado de dos consultas públicas, la primera de finales del 2010 y la segunda a principios del 2015.

En total han sido más de 10 meses de debate público.  El sector empresarial, científico, académico y de la sociedad civil realizarón más de 2000 contribuciones al texto enviado al Congreso Nacional de Brasil el pasado 12 de mayo de 2016.

Las modificaciones en las diferentes versiones previas al Proyecto de Ley 5276/2016 son indicadores de haber alcanzado un equilibrio entre la innovación tecnologica y la protección de los datos personales.

El Proyecto de Ley 5276/2016 reconoce los conceptos y principios de la protección de datos, también define los criterios para su interpretación y aplicación.

El Proyecto de Ley 5276/2016 aborda temas como:

  • Los derechos de acceso, rectificación, cancelación y oposición al tratamiento de datos personales;
  • Las reglas a aplicar desde el inicio hasta finalizar el tratamiento de datos personales;
  • La creación de un capítulo específico sobre el tratamiento de los datos personales en el sector público;
  • La regulación de la transferencia internacional de datos personales;
  • Las buenas prácticas e incentivos para el sector público;
  • La creación de un Órgano de Fiscalización y un Consejo Nacional de Protección de Datos Personales.

En la carta, se invita al Congreso Nacional de Brasil para que las eventuales modificaciones al texto sean discutidas en audiencias públicas o en otros medios que faciliten la participación social.

La carta (originalmente en portugués, pero aquí en su traducción al inglés) se transcribe a continuación.

Brasilia, May 19, 2016:

Open Letter of Support to the Brazilian Bill of Law 5276/2016 on the Protection of Personal Data

The entities listed below publicly express their support to the Brazilian Bill of Law 5276/2016, which is one of the pending legislative initiatives in the National Congress aimed to regulate the protection of personal data in Brazil, according to the following reasons:

  1. The Bill of Law 5276/2016 is a result of a comprehensive and fruitful discussion to which the entire Brazilian society had the opportunity to participate.
  • It was collaboratively built by means of an ample social engagement on the public consultations which took place in the end of 2010 and in the beginning of 2015, that were based on an initiative of the Brazilian Ministry of Justice that put the text of the then Draft Bill of Law on the Protection of Personal Data under the public scrutiny over the online platforms culturadigital.br/dadospessoais e pensando.mj.gov.br/dadospessoais.
  • Altogether there were more than 10 months of public debate that generated more than 2,000 contributions from the business sector, the scientific and academic community, civil society and from citizens themselves, individually, who had an active voice on the elaboration of the text recently sent to the National Congress on May 12, 2016.
  • The manner in which the text has been consolidated points out that this is a consensus legislative initiative among a diversity of sectors from the society. The differences and modifications between the versions before and after the public consultation of the draft bill are clear indicators that it sought to reach a balanced wording aimed to safeguard innovation and the protecting the privacy of citizens.
  1. Through a technical-regulatory point of view of the Bill of Law 5276/2016:
  • It organically systematizes protection of personal data concepts and principles, clearly limiting its scope of application and the interpretative criteria necessary to its application, addressing, among other points: (i) citizens´ rights of access, rectification, correction and opposition to treatment of their personal data; (ii) rules ranging from start to finish of the personal data treatment activities, as well as the respect to the liability of the entire chain of agents inserted therein; (iii) the creation of a specific chapter for the protection of citizen´s personal data against the Government, implementing, therefore, a regulatory symmetry between the public and private sectors; (iv) the regulation of international personal data transfers, recognizing the necessary protection to personal data in a cross-border setting; (v) incentive mechanisms for the regulated sector, devoting a specific sector to good practices.
  • It provides for the creation of supervisory body, along with the National Council for the Protection of Personal Data, which are essential for the effectiveness of the proposed regulation and to the formulation and implementation of public policies related to personal data protection. It should be remembered that, according to Article 61, paragraph 1, item II of the Brazilian Constitution, only Bills of Law authored by the Executive Branch have authority, such as the one herein concerned, to create public jobs and public functions that are necessary for the implementation of supervisory agency, what makes this legislative initiative even more singular.
  1. It is therefore a proposal able to effectively meet a serious gap of the Brazilian legal system, as to the point of bringing legal certainty to the citizen, to business activities and to public administration in the treatment of personal data, what only reinforces the constitutional urgency procedure assigned to the matter.
  1. Finally, aiming to continue and ensure the collaborative development of this legislative initiative, it is suggested that its processing in the National Congress, in particular to the possible amendments to the text, should be placed to public discussion on the online portal e-democracia, in public hearings and by other social engagement contributions.

Organizations that co-signed the letter:

  1. Access Now – Estados Unidos
  2. Asociación para una Ciudadanía Participativa (ACI-Participa) – Honduras
  3. Associação Software Livre.Org – Brasil
  4. Casa da Cultura Digital Porto Alegre – Brasil
  5. Centro de Estudios de Tecnología y Sociedad da Univerdidad de San Andres – Argentina
  6. Centro de Direito, Internet e Sociedade/CEDIS do Instituto Brasiliense de Direito Público – Brasil
  7. Centro de Estudos da Mídia Alternativa Barão de Itararé – Brasil
  8. Centro de Estudos Internacionais sobre Governo/CEGOV da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) – Brasil
  9. Centro Tecnologia e Sociedade (CTS) da Fundação Getúlio Vargas DIREITO RIO – Brasil
  10. CIBERCULT – Laboratório de Comunicação Distribuída e Transformação Política da Escola de Comunicação da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro/UFRJ – Brasil
  11. Co:lab (Colirio Laboratório) – Brasil
  12. Coding Rights – Brasil
  13. Colaboratório de Desenvolvimento e Participação (COLAB/USP) – Brasil
  14. Coletivo Intervozes – Brasil
  15. Coletivo Soylocoporti – Brasil
  16. Derechos Digitales – Chile
  17. Fundación Datos Protegidos – Chile
  18. Fundación Karisma – Colombia
  19. Grupo de Estudos em Direito, Tecnologia e Inovação da Faculdade Presbiteriana Mackenzie – Brasil
  20. Grupo de Pesquisa da Tutela jurídica dos dados pessoais na internet da Faculdade de Direito de Ribeirão Preto/FDRP da Univeridade de São Paulo/USP – Brasil
  21. Grupo de Pesquisa Direito Privado & @Internet da Universidade Federal de Brasília/UnB – Brasil
  22. Grupo de Pesquisa Informação, Comunicação, Tecnologia e Sociedade – ICTS / UNICAMP – Brasil
  23. Grupo Pesquisa em Políticas Públicas para o Acesso à Informação/GPoPAI da Universidade de São Paulo/USP – Brasil
  24. Hiperderecho – Perú
  25. Instituto Bem Estar Brasil – Brasil
  26. Instituto Beta para Internet e Democracia  – Brasil
  27. Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor/IDEC – Brasil
  28. Instituto Brasileiro de Política e Direito do Consumidor/Brasilcon – Brasil
  29. Instituto de Tecnologia e Sociedade do Rio de Janeiro/ITSrio – Brasil
  30. LAVITS – Rede Latino-americana de estudos em vigilância, tecnologia e sociedade – Brasil
  31. MediaLab da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro/UFRJ – Brasil
  32. Movimento Mega: Mobilização,empoderamento, governança e ativismo – Brasil
  33. Proteste Associação Brasileira de Defesa do Consumidor – Brasil
  34. SonTusDatos (Artículo 12, A.C.) – México
  35. Sophie Kwasny, Consejo de Europa – Unión Europea
  36. TEDIC – Paraguay
  37. txt texto de cinema – Brasil
  38. União Latina de Economia Política da Informação, da Comunicação e da Cultura – Capítulo Brasil (ULEPICC-Br) – Brasil

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